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Vikings Episodenguide„Vikings“: Staffel 5 Zusammenfassung, Rückblick auf „Ragnarok“ – was bisher geschah. Author: Kristina Kielblock Kristina Kielblock | Alle Staffeln der Serie Vikings. Episodenanzahl: 89 Folgen; Start in Kanada: 3. März ; Deutschlandstart der. Staffel Vikings: Juni Vikings - Inhalt. 0. Foto: Ragnar Lothbrok (Travis Fimmel) ist ein Wikingerkrieger und Farmer, der davon träumt, fremde Meere zu besegeln und im Westen zu.
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The Choice. The Lord's Prayer. The Wanderer. Warrior's Fate. The Usurper. Born Again. To the Gates! Breaking Point.
The Dead. A Good Treason. Kill the Queen. What Might Have Been. The Profit and the Loss. Death All 'Round. The Last Ship.
The Outsider. The Vision. Two Journeys. In the Uncertain Hour Before the Morning. All His Angels. The Great Army.
On the Eve. The Reckoning. The Departed, Part 1. The Departed, Part 2. The Plan. Lagertha und Björn verlassen Ragnar aufgrund eines unehelichen Kindes mit Aslaug.
Vier Jahre später : Ragnar erwartet sein drittes Kind mit Aslaug. Ragnar kehrt nach Kattegat zurück und Jarl Borg wird brutal hingerichtet.
Athelstan ist derweil in Wessex bei König Egbert. Athelstan und Egbert freunden sich an. Aufgrund des Bündnisses werden die Wikinger geschlagen.
Einige dänische Krieger werden Söldner für England. Horik will Ragnar stürzen und rekrutiert Floki und Siggi für seinen Kampf.
Es kommt zu einer Auseinandersetzung in Kattegat. Harbarg heilt das Baby Ivar Ragnarsson von seinen Schmerzen.
Prinzessin Kwenthrith besteigt Mercias Thron. Aethelwulf startet einen brutalen Angriff gegen die Wikinger.
König Egbert scheint die Taten zu verurteilen, doch in Wirklichkeit gratuliert er seinem Sohn. Egberts Bündnis mit den Wikingern war eine List.
Floki ermordet Athelstan , der er eifersüchtig auf seine gute Freundschaft zu Ragnar ist. Ragnar bestraft Floki.
Ragnar startet einen Angriff auf die westfränkische Stadt Paris. Die ersten Angriffsversuche sind vergeblich, doch die Wikinger belagern die Stadtgrenzen, weshalb Ragnar Verhandlungen mit König Karl aushandelt.
Scandinavian predation in Christian lands around the North and Irish Seas diminished markedly. The kings of Norway continued to assert power in parts of northern Britain and Ireland, and raids continued into the 12th century, but the military ambitions of Scandinavian rulers were now directed toward new paths.
In , Sigurd I of Norway sailed for the eastern Mediterranean with Norwegian crusaders to fight for the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem , and Danes and Swedes participated energetically in the Baltic Crusades of the 12th and 13th centuries.
A variety of sources illuminate the culture, activities, and beliefs of the Vikings. Although they were generally a non-literate culture that produced no literary legacy, they had an alphabet and described themselves and their world on runestones.
Most contemporary literary and written sources on the Vikings come from other cultures that were in contact with them.
The most important primary sources on the Vikings are contemporary texts from Scandinavia and regions where the Vikings were active.
Most contemporary documentary sources consist of texts written in Christian and Islamic communities outside Scandinavia, often by authors who had been negatively affected by Viking activity.
Later writings on the Vikings and the Viking Age can also be important for understanding them and their culture, although they need to be treated cautiously.
After the consolidation of the church and the assimilation of Scandinavia and its colonies into the mainstream of medieval Christian culture in the 11th and 12th centuries, native written sources begin to appear in Latin and Old Norse.
In the Viking colony of Iceland, an extraordinary vernacular literature blossomed in the 12th through 14th centuries, and many traditions connected with the Viking Age were written down for the first time in the Icelandic sagas.
A literal interpretation of these medieval prose narratives about the Vikings and the Scandinavian past is doubtful, but many specific elements remain worthy of consideration, such as the great quantity of skaldic poetry attributed to court poets of the 10th and 11th centuries, the exposed family trees, the self images, the ethical values, that are contained in these literary writings.
Indirectly, the Vikings have also left a window open onto their language, culture and activities, through many Old Norse place names and words found in their former sphere of influence.
Some of these place names and words are still in direct use today, almost unchanged, and shed light on where they settled and what specific places meant to them.
Viking influence is also evident in concepts like the present-day parliamentary body of the Tynwald on the Isle of Man. Some modern words and names only emerge and contribute to our understanding after a more intense research of linguistic sources from medieval or later records, such as York Horse Bay , Swansea Sveinn 's Isle or some of the place names in Normandy like Tocqueville Toki's farm.
Linguistic and etymological studies continue to provide a vital source of information on the Viking culture, their social structure and history and how they interacted with the people and cultures they met, traded, attacked or lived with in overseas settlements.
It has been speculated that the reason for this was the great differences between the two languages, combined with the Rus' Vikings more peaceful businesses in these areas and the fact that they were outnumbered.
The Norse named some of the rapids on the Dnieper , but this can hardly be seen from the modern names.
The Norse of the Viking Age could read and write and used a non-standardised alphabet, called runor , built upon sound values.
While there are few remains of runic writing on paper from the Viking era, thousands of stones with runic inscriptions have been found where Vikings lived.
They are usually in memory of the dead, though not necessarily placed at graves. The use of runor survived into the 15th century, used in parallel with the Latin alphabet.
The runestones are unevenly distributed in Scandinavia: Denmark has runestones, Norway has 50 while Iceland has none. The Swedish district of Uppland has the highest concentration with as many as 1, inscriptions in stone, whereas Södermanland is second with The majority of runic inscriptions from the Viking period are found in Sweden.
Many runestones in Scandinavia record the names of participants in Viking expeditions, such as the Kjula runestone that tells of extensive warfare in Western Europe and the Turinge Runestone , which tells of a war band in Eastern Europe.
Other runestones mention men who died on Viking expeditions. Among them include the England runestones Swedish : Englandsstenarna which is a group of about 30 runestones in Sweden which refer to Viking Age voyages to England.
They were engraved in Old Norse with the Younger Futhark. The Jelling stones date from between and The older, smaller stone was raised by King Gorm the Old , the last pagan king of Denmark, as a memorial honouring Queen Thyre.
It has three sides: one with an animal image, one with an image of the crucified Jesus Christ, and a third bearing the following inscription:.
Runestones attest to voyages to locations such as Bath ,  Greece how the Vikings referred to the Byzantium territories generally ,  Khwaresm ,  Jerusalem ,  Italy as Langobardland ,  Serkland i.
Viking Age inscriptions have also been discovered on the Manx runestones on the Isle of Man. The last known people to use the Runic alphabet were an isolated group of people known as the Elfdalians , that lived in the locality of Älvdalen in the Swedish province of Dalarna.
They spoke the language of Elfdalian , the language unique to Älvdalen. The Elfdalian language differentiates itself from the other Scandinavian languages as it evolved much closer to Old Norse.
The people of Älvdalen stopped using runes as late as the s. Usage of runes therefore survived longer in Älvdalen than anywhere else in the world.
Traditionally regarded as a Swedish dialect,  but by several criteria closer related to West Scandinavian dialects,  Elfdalian is a separate language by the standard of mutual intelligibility.
Residents in the area who speak only Swedish as their sole native language, neither speaking nor understanding Elfdalian, are also common.
Älvdalen can be said to have had its own alphabet during the 17th and 18th century. Today there are about 2, native speakers of Elfdalian. The burial practices of the Vikings were quite varied, from dug graves in the ground, to tumuli , sometimes including so-called ship burials.
According to written sources, most of the funerals took place at sea. The funerals involved either burial or cremation , depending on local customs.
In the area that is now Sweden, cremations were predominant; in Denmark burial was more common; and in Norway both were common.
There have been several archaeological finds of Viking ships of all sizes, providing knowledge of the craftsmanship that went into building them.
There were many types of Viking ships, built for various uses; the best-known type is probably the longship. The longship had a long, narrow hull and shallow draught to facilitate landings and troop deployments in shallow water.
Longships were used extensively by the Leidang , the Scandinavian defence fleets. The longship allowed the Norse to go Viking , which might explain why this type of ship has become almost synonymous with the concept of Vikings.
The Vikings built many unique types of watercraft, often used for more peaceful tasks. The knarr was a dedicated merchant vessel designed to carry cargo in bulk.
It had a broader hull, deeper draught, and a small number of oars used primarily to manoeuvre in harbours and similar situations.
One Viking innovation was the ' beitass ', a spar mounted to the sail that allowed their ships to sail effectively against the wind.
Ships were an integral part of the Viking culture. They facilitated everyday transportation across seas and waterways, exploration of new lands, raids, conquests, and trade with neighbouring cultures.
They also held a major religious importance. People with high status were sometimes buried in a ship along with animal sacrifices, weapons, provisions and other items, as evidenced by the buried vessels at Gokstad and Oseberg in Norway  and the excavated ship burial at Ladby in Denmark.
Ship burials were also practised by Vikings abroad, as evidenced by the excavations of the Salme ships on the Estonian island of Saaremaa.
Well-preserved remains of five Viking ships were excavated from Roskilde Fjord in the late s, representing both the longship and the knarr. The ships were scuttled there in the 11th century to block a navigation channel and thus protect Roskilde , then the Danish capital, from seaborne assault.
The remains of these ships are on display at the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde. In , archaeologists uncovered two Viking boat graves in Gamla Uppsala.
They also discovered that one of the boats still holds the remains of a man, a dog, and a horse, along with other items. Viking society was divided into the three socio-economic classes: Thralls, Karls and Jarls.
Archaeology has confirmed this social structure. Thralls were the lowest ranking class and were slaves. Slaves comprised as much as a quarter of the population.
Thralls were servants and workers in the farms and larger households of the Karls and Jarls, and they were used for constructing fortifications, ramps, canals, mounds, roads and similar hard work projects.
According to the Rigsthula, Thralls were despised and looked down upon. New thralls were supplied by either the sons and daughters of thralls or captured abroad.
The Vikings often deliberately captured many people on their raids in Europe, to enslave them as thralls. The thralls were then brought back home to Scandinavia by boat, used on location or in newer settlements to build needed structures, or sold, often to the Arabs in exchange for silver.
Karls were free peasants. They owned farms, land and cattle and engaged in daily chores like ploughing the fields, milking the cattle, building houses and wagons, but used thralls to make ends meet.
Other names for Karls were 'bonde' or simply free men. The Jarls were the aristocracy of the Viking society. They were wealthy and owned large estates with huge longhouses, horses and many thralls.
The thralls did most of the daily chores, while the Jarls did administration, politics, hunting, sports, visited other Jarls or went abroad on expeditions.
When a Jarl died and was buried, his household thralls were sometimes sacrificially killed and buried next to him, as many excavations have revealed.
In daily life, there were many intermediate positions in the overall social structure and it is believed that there must have been some social mobility.
These details are unclear, but titles and positions like hauldr , thegn , landmand , show mobility between the Karls and the Jarls.
Members of the latter were referred to as drenge , one of the words for warrior. There were also official communities within towns and villages, the overall defence, religion, the legal system and the Things.
Like elsewhere in medieval Europe, most women in Viking society were subordinate to their husbands and fathers and had little political power.
Most free Viking women were housewives, and the woman's standing in society was linked to that of her husband. Norse laws assert the housewife's authority over the 'indoor household'.
She had the important roles of managing the farm's resources, conducting business, as well as child-rearing, although some of this would be shared with her husband.
After the age of 20, an unmarried woman, referred to as maer and mey , reached legal majority and had the right to decide her place of residence and was regarded as her own person before the law.
Concubinage was also part of Viking society, whereby a woman could live with a man and have children with him without marrying; such a woman was called a frilla.
A woman had the right to inherit part of her husband's property upon his death,  and widows enjoyed the same independent status as unmarried women.
Such a woman was referred to as Baugrygr , and she exercised all the rights afforded to the head of a family clan, until she married, by which her rights were transferred to her new husband.
Women had religious authority and were active as priestesses gydja and oracles sejdkvinna. Examinations of Viking Age burials suggests that women lived longer, and nearly all well past the age of 35, as compared to earlier times.
Female graves from before the Viking Age in Scandinavia holds a proportional large number of remains from women aged 20 to 35, presumably due to complications of childbirth.
Scandinavian Vikings were similar in appearance to modern Scandinavians ; "their skin was fair and the hair color varied between blond, dark and reddish".
Genetic studies show that people were mostly blond in what is now eastern Sweden, while red hair was mostly found in western Scandinavia. Men involved in warfare, for example, may have had slightly shorter hair and beards for practical reasons.
Men in some regions bleached their hair a golden saffron color. The three classes were easily recognisable by their appearances.
Men and women of the Jarls were well groomed with neat hairstyles and expressed their wealth and status by wearing expensive clothes often silk and well crafted jewellery like brooches , belt buckles, necklaces and arm rings.
Almost all of the jewellery was crafted in specific designs unique to the Norse see Viking art. Finger rings were seldom used and earrings were not used at all, as they were seen as a Slavic phenomenon.
Most Karls expressed similar tastes and hygiene, but in a more relaxed and inexpensive way. Archaeological finds from Scandinavia and Viking settlements in the British Isles support the idea of the well groomed and hygienic Viking.
Burial with grave goods was a common practice in the Scandinavian world, through the Viking Age and well past the Christianization of the Norse peoples.
The sagas tell about the diet and cuisine of the Vikings,  but first hand evidence, like cesspits , kitchen middens and garbage dumps have proved to be of great value and importance.
Undigested remains of plants from cesspits at Coppergate in York have provided much information in this respect.
Overall, archaeo-botanical investigations have been undertaken increasingly in recent decades, as a collaboration between archaeologists and palaeoethno-botanists.
This new approach sheds light on the agricultural and horticultural practices of the Vikings and their cuisine.
The combined information from various sources suggests a diverse cuisine and ingredients. Meat products of all kinds, such as cured , smoked and whey -preserved meat,  sausages, and boiled or fried fresh meat cuts, were prepared and consumed.
Certain livestock were typical and unique to the Vikings, including the Icelandic horse , Icelandic cattle , a plethora of sheep breeds,  the Danish hen and the Danish goose.
Most of the beef and horse leg bones were found split lengthways, to extract the marrow. The mutton and swine were cut into leg and shoulder joints and chops.
The frequent remains of pig skull and foot bones found on house floors indicate that brawn and trotters were also popular.
Hens were kept for both their meat and eggs, and the bones of game birds such as black grouse , golden plover , wild ducks, and geese have also been found.
Der Buddha. The Buddha. Das Schlimmste. The Most Terrible Thing. Die Höhle. What Happens in the Cave. Im Reich der Rus. New Beginnings. Der Prophet.
The Prophet. Meer in Flammen. Ghosts, Gods, and Running Dogs. Das brennende Dorf. All the Prisoners. The Key. Lagerthas Lied.
Death and the Serpent. Die Mutter von Norwegen. The Ice Maiden. Die Hälfte des Himmels. Valhalla Can Wait. Am Rande der Welt. Blutiger Strand. In der 2.
Folge erfolgt ein Zeitsprung von vier Jahren. Ragnar hat bereits zwei Kinder mit Aslaug, ein drittes Kind ist unterwegs. Ragnar bricht mit Horik nach England auf, wo sie nach einem schweren Sturm an einer unbekannten Küste landen.
Es stellt sich heraus, dass es sich um das Königreich Wessex handelt. Dort regiert König Egbert , der offenbar ein fähiger, recht gefürchteter Herrscher ist und sich auf die neue Bedrohung einstellt.
König Horiks Sohn Ari stirbt während des Raubzugs. Währenddessen kommt es auch zum Konflikt zwischen Ragnar und Jarl Borg.
Rollo, der von seinem Bruder zwar wieder aufgenommen, aber in Kattegat zurückgelassen wurde, organisiert die Verteidigung und schafft es, Ragnars Familie in Sicherheit zu bringen.
Ragnar sieht sich daraufhin gezwungen, England sofort zu verlassen. Jarl Borg wird mit der grausamen Methode des Blutadler Blutaar getötet.
Den vereinigten Truppen der angelsächsischen Könige gelingt es aufgrund von Egberts Kenntnis antiker Strategien, die Wikinger zu schlagen. Egbert ist an einem Bündnis mit den Wikingern interessiert und bietet ihnen Siedlungsland an, worauf Ragnar aufgeschlossen reagiert.
Horik wird von Ragnar getötet, nur dessen Sohn Erlendur wird verschont. In Ragnars Herrschaftsgebiet, wo Aslaug zurückgeblieben ist, taucht währenddessen für kurze Zeit ein mysteriöser Wanderer auf, der gottähnliche Kräfte zu besitzen scheint.
Das Verhältnis zwischen Ragnar und Aslaug, aber auch zwischen Ragnar und Floki verschlechtert sich zunehmend.
Lagertha unterhält einige Zeit eine Affäre mit König Egbert, der verspricht, den neuen Siedlern zu helfen. Athelstan geht eine kurze Affäre mit Egberts Schwiegertochter Judith ein, die bereits einen legitimen Sohn von ihrem Gatten Aethelwulf hat und bei dieser Gelegenheit erneut schwanger wird.
Nach der Abreise der meisten Wikinger aus Wessex unternimmt Aethelwulf einen brutalen Angriff auf deren englische Siedlung. König Egbert scheint die schuldigen Adligen zu bestrafen, in Wahrheit gehörte der Überfall jedoch zu seinem Plan, die Wikinger vor Ort auszuschalten und sich langfristig die Oberherrschaft über ganz England zu sichern.
Es gelingt ihm, sich die Oberherrschaft über Mercia zu sichern. Zudem nimmt er sich seine Schwiegertochter zur Mätresse, nachdem er ihre blutige öffentliche Bestrafung nach Nennung Athelstans als Vater ihres ungeborenen Kindes abgebrochen hat.
Ragnars Vertrauter Athelstan wird von Floki, der dem Angelsachsen nie vertraute und eifersüchtig auf dessen gutes Verhältnis zu Ragnar war, ermordet.
Auch weitere Angriffe werden, wenngleich mühsam, von den Verteidigern von Paris zurückgeschlagen, doch die Nahrungsmittel in der Stadt werden knapp.
Der bei den Kämpfen schwer verwundete Ragnar hat aber noch eine andere Bedingung: Er will als Christ getauft werden, was auch unmittelbar vor Ort noch geschieht, zum Entsetzen der anderen Wikingerführer.
Der dem Tode nahe Ragnar wünscht ein christliches Begräbnis. Unerwartet öffnet sich der Sarg und der noch lebendige Ragnar und die anwesenden Wikinger nehmen Prinzessin Gisla als Geisel und öffnen die Tore der Stadt.
Allerdings bleibt ein Teil unter Rollos Führung zurück. Rollo geht darauf ein. In der vierten Staffel geht es abermals um einen Angriff auf Paris.
Ragnar und Rollo begegnen einander als Feinde. In Paris wendet sich Rollo gegen die letzten Verbündeten seiner Heimat, um damit seine Stellung am westfränkischen Hof zu stärken und die Gunst seiner Braut, Prinzessin Gisla, zu gewinnen — ohne Erfolg.
Nachdem sich Ragnar erholt hat, startet er gemeinsam mit den Wikingern einen zweiten Beutezug auf Paris.
Die Wikinger müssen eine Niederlage einstecken, geben sich jedoch noch nicht geschlagen. Ragnar und die Wikinger müssen die Flucht ergreifen.
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